Mnemonic Politics among Philippine Voters: A Social Media Measurement Approach

How do we measure nostalgic sentiment for former dictatorships among voters in national democratic elections? In this paper, we use a social media approach to identify nostalgic rhetoric on Twitter, leveraging the Philippine presidential election in May 2022. We conduct text-as-data analysis and investigate nostalgia for Ferdinand Marcos Sr. among supporters of the namesake son, Marcos Jr.

Personality Traits, Democratic Support, and Authoritarian Nostalgia

Democratic rule has been the modal political system since the Third Wave of democratization, but nostalgia for authoritarian rule drives political behavior in many new democracies. Why do democratic voters feel nostalgia for an authoritarian past? This paper introduces a dispositional framework for authoritarian nostalgia by using individual democratic support as a moderator.

Alternative Ideological Legacies of Authoritarianism: Pro-dictator Bias in Post-developmental States

How does an authoritarian past shape voters’ left-right orientation? Recent studies investigated “anti-dictator bias” in political ideology that citizens of a former right-wing (left-wing) dictatorship may display a leftist (rightist) bias in their ideological self-identification. I argue “pro-dictator bias” that citizens may hold ideological positions corresponding to those of the dictator based on three reasons: first, successors of a former dictator may still dominate politics in some countries with inherited political resources from the past; second, not all former dictators are evaluated negatively and even attract positive evaluation based on their performance, evoking authoritarian nostalgia; and third, the political environment that shaped former dictators’ ideological position may persist under the new regime, prolonging the ideology’s relevance.

Authoritarian Legacies and Partisan Bias in Corruption Voting

What explains the lack of electoral consequences for corrupt politicians? Building on studies of motivated reasoning and asymmetric partisan bias, this paper highlights the importance of partisan differences in how voters interpret corruption charges and make voting decisions. I contend that in post-authoritarian democracies, supporters of authoritarian legacy parties (ALPs) are less likely to punish corrupt copartisan incumbents compared to supporters of other parties faced with equally corrupt copartisan incumbents.

Religiosity and economic voting in Indonesia with Prof. Matthew Winters